The Persian cat is a breed of long-haired cat characterized by its round face and short muzzle.
It is also known as the Persian Longhair.
In the Middle East region, they are widely known as the Iranian cat and in Iran they are known as the Shiraz cat. It is called Persian because it was exported from Iran, or ancient Persia.
The Persian cat is one of the oldest cat breeds and can be seen depicted in hieroglyphics as early as 1684 BC. Since 1520 there is the first mention of long haired cats in Europe.
The first documented ancestors of the Persian were imported from Khorasan, Iran, to Italy in 1620 by Pietro della Valle, and from Angora (now Ankara), Ottoman Empire (Turkey), to France by Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc in at about the same time.
The first Persian cat was presented at the first organized cat show, in 1871 at the Crystal Palace in London, England, organized by Harrison Weir.
Recognized by feline fantasy since the end of the 19th century, it was first developed by the English, and then mainly by American breeders after WWII. The Persians are perhaps the quintessential luxury cat, the cat that expects to be kept in luxury.
They are, however, one of the most popular cat breeds in the world.
The lifespan of a Persian cat is between 12 and 17 years, with a median age of 14.1 years. Persian cats are of medium size, typically weigh between 3.2 and 5.4 kilograms (7 and 12 pounds), and stand 25 to 38 centimeters (10 to 15 inches) tall.
The Persian cat has a stocky body with short legs, a large round head, a snub nose, and a short, very hairy tail. Large round eyes can be blue, orange, gold, green, or copper, depending on the cat's color. The soft, finely textured coat forms a heavy ruff around the neck.
The Persian cat is bred in a number of color varieties. Patterned coats include ombre silver and black; silver, brown, blue or red with darker markings; white finely ticked with black; cream, red and black (tortoiseshell); calico or tortoiseshell and white; blue-gray and cream intermixed (cream blue); and two-tone. The colors of tortoiseshell, calicos and blue creams are genetically linked to the sex of the cat.
White cats with blue eyes can be deaf.
Since Persian cats have long, dense fur that they cannot get clean effectively, they need regular grooming to avoid matting. To keep their fur in its best condition, they should be brushed frequently.
The art world and its patrons have long embraced their love for the Persian cat by immortalizing them in art.
A 6-by-8.5-foot piece of art that is said to be the world's largest cat painting at auction for over $ 820,000.
You will discover it below:
To find out more about Persian, do not hesitate to consult the website of the French Feline Federation